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COMMISSION
DIRECTIVE 1999/100/EC

of
15 December 1999

adapting
to technical progress Council Directive 80/1268/EEC relating to

the
carbon dioxide emissions and the fuel consumption of motor vehicles

(Text
with EEA relevance)

THE
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having
regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having
regard to Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 February 1970 on the

approximation
of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval

of
motor vehicles and their trailers ( 1 ), as last amended by Directive 98/91/EC

of the
European Parliament and of the Council ( 2 ), and in particular Article

13(2)
thereof,

Having
regard to Council Directive 80/1268/EEC of 16 December 1980

relating
to the carbon dioxide emissions and the fuel consumption of motor

vehicles
( 3 ), as last amended by Commission Directive 93/116/EC ( 4 ), and in

particular
Article 3 thereof,

Whereas:

(1)
Directive 80/1268/EEC is one of the separate Directives of the EC

type-approval
procedure which was established by Directive

70/156/EEC.
Consequently, the provisions laid down in Directive

70/156/EEC
relating to vehicle systems, components and separate

technical
units apply to this Directive.

(2) In
Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and Council of 13

October
1998 relating to measures to be taken against air pollution

from
motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC ( 5 ),

the
type I test cycle for emission measurement was amended by

abolishing
the initial 40 seconds of engine idle time. It is necessary to

align
the test cycle for the measurement of CO2 emissions and fuel

consumption
in Directive 80/1268/EEC accordingly.

(3)
With a view to the monitoring of CO2 emissions in the framework of

the
Community strategy to reduce CO2 emissions of passenger cars, it

is
appropriate to introduce into Directive 80/1268/EEC new technical

requirements
regarding the measurement of CO2 emissions and fuel

consumption
for the EC type-approval of gas-fuelled vehicles (LPG

and
NG). In this respect, it is appropriate to follow the technical

requirements
adopted by the United Nations Economic Commission

for
Europe in its Regulation No 101 ( 6 ).

(4) The
measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the

opinion
of the Committee for Adaptation to Technical Progress

established
by Directive 70/156/EEC,

HAS
ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article
1

Annexes
I and II to Directive 80/1268/EEC are hereby amended in accordance

with
the Annex to this Directive.

Article
2

1. With
effect from 1 January 2000, Member States may not, on grounds

relating
to the emission of carbon dioxide or to fuel consumption:


refuse, in respect of any given type of motor vehicle, to grant EC

type-approval
pursuant to Article 4(1) of Directive 70/156/EEC, or

( 1 )
OJ L 42, 23.2.1970, p. 1.

( 2 )
OJ L 11, 16.1.1999, p. 25.

( 3 )
OJ L 375, 31.12.1980, p. 36.

( 4 )
OJ L 329, 30.12.1993, p. 39.

( 5 )
OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 1.

( 6 )
UN/ECE Regulation No 101 (E/ECE324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2 Add. 100), as

amended.


refuse to grant national type-approval, or


prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of vehicles pursuant

to
Article 7 of Directive 70/156/EEC

if the
emission and consumption figures have been determined in accordance

with
the requirements of Directive 80/1268/EEC, as amended by this

Directive.

2. With
effect from 1 January 2000, for vehicles in category M1 as defined

in
Annex II, Section A, to Directive 70/156/EEC, except vehicles of which the

maximum
mass exceeds 2 500 kg, and with effect from 1 January 2001 for

vehicles
in category M1 the maximum mass of which exceeds 2 500 kg,

Member
States:

— shall
no longer grant EC type-approval pursuant to Article 4(1) of

Directive
70/156/EEC, and

— shall
refuse to grant national type-approval, except where the provisions

of
Article 8(2) of Directive 70/156/EEC are invoked,

for a
type of vehicle if the emission and consumption figures have not been

determined
in accordance with the requirements of Directive 80/1268/EEC, as

amended
by this Directive.

3. With
effect from 1 January 2001, for vehicles in category M1 as defined

in
Annex II, Section A, to Directive 70/156/EEC, except vehicles of which the

maximum
mass exceeds 2 500 kg, and with effect from 1 January 2002 for

vehicles
in category M1 the maximum mass of which exceeds 2 500 kg,

Member
States:

— shall
consider certificates of conformity which accompany new

vehicles
in accordance with the provisions of Directive 70/156/EEC

to be
no longer valid for the purposes of Article 7(1) of that Directive,

and

— shall
refuse the registration, sale and entry into service of new vehicles

which
are not accompanied by a certificate of conformity in accordance

with
Directive 70/156/EEC, except where the provisions of Article 8(2)

of
Directive 70/156/EEC are invoked,

if the
emission and consumption figures have not been determined in

accordance
with the requirements of Directive 80/1268/EEC, as amended by

this
Directive.

Article
3

1.
Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and

administrative
provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 31

December
1999. They shall forthwith inform the Commissin thereof.

When
Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to

this
Diective or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their

official
publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to

be
made.

2.
Member States shall communicate to the Commission the texts of the

main
provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this

Directive.

Article
4

This Directive
shall enter into force on the third day following its publication

in the Official
Journal of the European Communities.

Article
5

This
Directive is addressed to the Member States.

 

 

 

 

ANNEX

 

AMENDMENTS
TO ANNEXES I AND II TO DIRECTIVE 80/1268/EEC

Annex I
is amended as follows:

1. Item
4.1 is replaced by the following:

‘4.1.
The CO2 emissions are measured during the test cycle simulating the

urban
and extra-urban driving patterns as described in Appendix 1 of

Annex
III to Directive 70/220/EEC, as last amended.’

2. Item
4.4 is replaced by the following:

‘4.4. Test
fuel

4.4.1.
Petrol and diesel vehicles

The
appropriate reference fuels as defined in Annex IX to Directive 70/

220/EEC,
as last amended, must be used for testing.

4.4.2.
LPG and NG-fuelled vehicles

For LPG
and NG, that fuel must be used which is chosen by the

manufacturer
for the measurement of the net power in accordance with

Annex I
to Directive 80/1269/EEC. The chosen fuel shall be specified in

the
communication document as defined in Annex II.

4.4.3.
For the purpose of calculation mentioned in 4.3, the following fuel

characteristics
will be used:

(a)
density: measured on the test fuel according to ISO 3675 or an

equivalent
method; for petrol and diesel the measured density at

15
ºC will be used; for LPG and NG, a reference density will be

used,
as follows:

0,538
kg/l for LPG

0,654
kg/m 3 for NG( * )

(b)
hydrogen-carbon ratio: fixed values will be used, which are:

1,85
for petrol

1,86
for diesel

2,525
for LPG

4,00
for NG

2,93
for NG (NMHC)

( * )
This is the mean value of the G20 and G23 reference fuels at 15 ºC.’

3. Item
5.1.4, second paragraph, is replaced by the following: ‘At the manufac-turer’s

request,
positive ignition engined vehicles may be preconditioned

according
to the procedure prescribed in item 5.2.1 of Annex VI to Directive

70/220/EEC,
as last amended. Compression ignition engined vehicles may be

preconditioned
according to the procedure described in item 5.3 of Annex III to

the
same Directive.’

4. Item
6.1 is replaced by the following:

‘6.1. Test
cycle

The
test cycle is described in Appendix 1 of Annex III to Directive 70/

220/EEC,
as last amended, including both Part I (urban driving) and Part

II
(extra-urban driving). All driving prescriptions contained in this

Appendix
will be applied for the CO2 measurement.’

5. Item
6.3.1 is replaced by the following:

‘6.3.1.
The load and inertia adjustments of the dynamometer are determined as

defined
in Annex III to Directive 70/220/EEC, as last amended.’

6.
Items 6.3.2 and 6.3.3 are deleted.

7. Item
6.4.1.3 is amended to read:

‘…

The dilution factor is
calculated as follows:

 

 



8. Item
7.2 is replaced by the following:

‘7.2.
The fuel consumption, expressed in litres per 100 km (in the case of

petrol,
LPG or diesel) or in m 3 per 100 km (in the case of NG), is

calculated
by means of the following formulae: ( * )

(a) for
vehicles with a positive ignition engine fuelled with petrol:

 (b) for vehicles with a positive
ignition engine fuelled with LPG:

 If the composition of the fuel used for the test differs from thecomposition that is assumed for
the calculation of the normalisedconsumption, on the manufacturer’s request a
correction factor cfmay be applied as follows:

 The correction factor cf, which may be applied, is
determined as

follows:


 


 



 In these formulae:

FC =
the fuel consumption in litre per 100 km (in the case ofpetrol, LPG or diesel) or in m 3
per 100 km (in the case ofNG)

THC =
the measured emission of total hydrocarbons in g/km

CO =
the measured emission of carbon monoxi

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