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COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 93/116/EC of 17 December 1993

adapting totechnical
progress Council Directive 80/1268/EEC relating to the fuelconsumption of motor vehicles

 

 

 

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

 

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European
Community,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6
February 1970

relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their
trailers

(1), as last amended by Commission Directive 93/81/EEC
(2), and in

particular Article 13 (2) thereof,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 80/1268/EEC of 16
December 1980

on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to the

fuel consumption of motor vehicles (3), as amended by
Directive

89/491/EEC (4), and in particular Article 3 thereof,

 

Whereas Directive 80/1268/EEC is one of the separate
directives of

the EC type-approval procedure which has been established
by Directive

70/156/EEC; whereas, consequently, the provisions laid
down in

Directive 70/156/EEC relating to vehicle systems, components and

separate technical units apply to this Directive;

 

Whereas, in particular, Articles 3 (4) and 4 (3) of
Directive

70/156/EEC require each separate Directive to have
attached to it an

information document incorporating the relevant items of
Annex I to

that Directive and also a type-approval certificate based on Annex VI

thereto in order that type-approval may be computerized;

 

Whereas reference should be made to Council Directive
70/220/EEC

(5), as last amended by Directive 93/59/EEC (6), relating
to measures

to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor
vehicles,

because that Directive establishes technical and administrative

provisions which apply also to this Directive;

 

Whereas, in view of the increasing concern about the
environmental

effects of carbon dioxide emissions, the fifth programme
of action of

the European Communities on the protection of the
environment approved

by the Council on 16 December 1992 provides for a stabilization

target of these emissions; whereas it is necessary to
determine the

carbon dioxide emissions of light motor vehicles in the
framework of

the EC type-approval; whereas it is appropriate to base
the

measurement of carbon dioxide on the test procedure established by

Directive 70/220/EEC for the measurement of the
air-polluting

substances of motor vehicles, and consequently to
calculate fuel

consumption on the basis of the results of these
measurements;

 

Whereas the measures provided for in this Directive are
in

accordance with the opinion of the Committee for
Adaptation to

Technical Progress established by Directive 70/156/EEC,

 

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:




Article 1

 

Directive 80/1268/EEC shall be amended as follows:

 

1. the title shall be replaced by the following:

 

'Council Directive 80/1268/EEC relating to the carbon
dioxide

emissions and the fuel consumption of motor vehicles.';

 

2. Article 2 shall be replaced by the following:

 

'Article 2

 

No Member State may refuse to grant EC type-approval or
national

type-approval in respect of a vehicle, or refuse or
prohibit the sale,

registration, entry into service or use of a vehicle, on
grounds

relating to its carbon dioxide emissions or its fuel consumption if

the emission and consumption figures have been determined
in

accordance with Annexes I and II and are set out in a
document given

to the vehicle owner at the time of purchase in the
manner and form

decided by each Member State.';

 

3. the Annexes shall be replaced by the Annexes to this
Directive.



Article 2

 

1. With effect from 1 April 1994, Member States may not
on grounds

relating to the
emission of carbon dioxide or to fuel consumption:

 

- refuse, in respect of any given type of motor vehicle,
to grant EC

type-approval or
national type-approval; or

 

- prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service
of vehicles,

 

if the emission and consumption figures have been
determined to be

in accordance with the requirements of Directive
80/1268/EEC as

amended by this Directive.

 

2. With effect from 1 January 1996, Member States:

 

- shall no longer grant EC type-approval, and

 

- may refuse to grant national type-approval,

 

for a type of vehicle on grounds relating to the emission
of carbon

dioxide and to the fuel consumption if the emission and
consumption

figures have not been determined in accordance with the
requirements

of Directive 80/1268/EEC, as amended by this Directive.

 

3. With effect from 1 January 1997, Member States:

 

- shall consider certificates of conformity which
accompany new

vehicles in accordance
with the provisions of Directive 70/156/EEC to

be no longer
valid for the purposes of Article 7 (1) of that

Directive, and

 

- may refuse the registration, sale and entry into
service of new

vehicles which
are not accompanied by a certificate of conformity in

accordance with
Directive 70/156/EEC,

 

on grounds relating to the emission of carbon dioxide and
to fuel

consumption if the emission and consumption figures have
not been

determined in accordance with the requirements of
Directive

80/1268/EEC, as amended by this Directive.



Article 3

 

1. Member States shall bring into force the laws,
regulations and

administrative
provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by

31 March 1994.
They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.

 

When Member States adopt these provisions, these shall
contain a

reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by
such reference

at the time of their official publication. The procedure
for such

reference shall be adopted by Member States.

 

2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the
texts of

the main
provisions of national law which they adopt in the field

covered by this
Directive.



Article 4

 

This Directive shall enter into force on the third day
following its

publication in the Official Journal of the European
Communities.

 

Done at Brussels, 17
December 1993.

For the Commission

Martin BANGEMANN

Member of the
Commission



(1) OJ No L 42, 23. 2. 1970, p. 1.

(2) OJ No L 264, 23. 10. 1993, p. 49.

(3) OJ No L 375, 31. 12. 1980, p. 36.

(4) OJ No L 238, 15. 8. 1989, p. 43.

(5) OJ No L 76, 6. 4. 1970, p. 1.

(6) OJ No L 186, 28. 7. 1993, p. 21.



 

 

ANNEX I

 

DETERMINATION OF CO2 EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION 1. SCOPE

 

This Directive applies to the carbon dioxide (CO2)
emissions and the

fuel consumption of all motor vehicles of category M1.

 

2. APPLICATION FOR EC TYPE-APPROVAL

 

2.1. The application for EC type-approval pursuant to Article
3 (4)

of Directive 70/156/EEC for a vehicle type with regard to
CO2

emissions and fuel consumption shall be submitted by the
manufacturer.

 

2.2. A model for the information document is given in
Annex II to

Directive 70/220/EEC. When already available, the
type-approval number

will also be reported. When appropriate, copies of other

type-approvals with the relevant data are provided
to enable

extension of approvals in accordance with point 11. At
the request of

the technical service in charge of the tests or the
manufacturer,

complementary technical information could be considered
for specific

vehicles which are particularly fuel efficient.

 

2.3. For the test described in point 6 of this Annex, a
vehicle

representative of the vehicle type to be approved will be
submitted

when the technical service responsible for the
type-approval tests

carries out the tests itself. During the test, the technical service

will check that this vehicle conforms to the limit values
applicable

to that type, as described in Directive 70/220/EEC, as
modified

according to its last amendment.

 

3. GRANTING OF EC TYPE-APPROVAL

 

3.1. If the relevant requirements are satisfied, EC
type-approval

pursuant to Article 4 (3) of Directive 70/156/EEC shall
be granted.

 

3.2. A model for the EC type-approval certificate is
given in Annex

II.

 

3.3. An approval number in accordance with Annex VII to
Directive

70/156/EEC shall be assigned to each vehicle type
approved. The same

Member State shall not assign the same number to another
vehicle type.

 

4. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

 

4.1. The CO2 emissions are measured during the test cycle
simulating

the urban and extra-urban driving patterns as described
in Appendix 1

of Annex III to Council Directive 91/441/EEC (1).

 

4.2. The results of the test must be expressed as carbon
dioxide

emissions in g/km rounded to the nearest whole number.

 

4.3. Fuel consumptions are calculated according to point
7 by the

carbon balance method using the measured emissions of CO2
and the

other carbon related emissions (CO and HC). The results
will be

rounded to the first decimal place.

 

4.4. Test fuel

 

The appropriate reference fuels as defined in Annex VIII
to

Directive 91/441/EEC must be used for testing.

 

For the purpose of calculation mentioned in point 4.3,
the following

fuel characteristics will be used:

 

(a) density: measured on the test fuel according to ISO
3675 or an

equivalent
method;

 

(b) hydrogen - carbon ratio: fixed values will be used
which are

1,85 for
gasoline and 1,86 for diesel.

 

5. TEST CONDITIONS

 

5.1. Test vehicle

 

5.1.1. The vehicle must be presented in good mechanical
condition.

It must have been run in and driven at least 3 000
kilometres, but

less than 15 000 kilometres, before the test.

 

5.1.2. The settings of the engine and of the vehicle
controls must

be those prescribed by the manufacturer. This requirement
also

applies, in particular to the idle settings, to the cold
start device

and to the exhaust gas pollutant emission control system.

 

5.1.3. The laboratory may check that vehicle performance
is as

specified by the manufacturer and that it is possible to
use it in

normal driving conditions, particularly cold and hot
start.

 

5.1.4. Before the test, the vehicle must be stored in a
room where

the temperature remains between 293 and 303 K (20 and 30
C). This

conditioning period will last at least six hours and to a
point where

the temperature of the engine lube oil and the engine coolant are

within 2 K of the room temperature. At the request of
the

manufacturer, the test may be conducted within a maximum
of 30 hours

after the vehicle has been used at normal temperature.

 

At the manufacturer's request, gasoline engined vehicles
may be

preconditioned according to the procedure prescribed in
point 5.1.11

of Annex VI to Directive 91/441/EEC; compression-ignition
engined

vehicles may be preconditioned according to the procedure described

in point 5.3 of Annex III to the same Directive.

 

5.1.5. Only the equipment necessary for the functioning
of the

vehicle during the test shall be in operation. If there
is a manually

controlled device on the carburettor inlet for air
heating, it must be

in the'summer' position. In general, the auxiliary equipment required

for the normal running of the vehicle must be in
operation.

 

5.1.6. If the radiator fan is temperature controlled, it
must be

operating as it would normally on the vehicle. The
passenger

compartment heating system must not be operating, nor
must the air

conditioning system, although its compressor must be operating

normally.

 

5.1.7. If a pressure charging device is fitted, it must
be operating

as it would normally.

 

5.2. Lubricants

 

All lubricants must be those recommended by the
manufacturer of the

vehicle and must

.1 .2 .3 .4