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Commission Directive 89/491/EEC of 17 July 1989

adapting to technicalprogress Council Directives 70/157/EEC, 70/220/EEC,
72/245/EEC,72/306/EEC, 80/1268/EEC and
80/1269/EEC relating to motor vehicles

 

 

 

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

 

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European
Economic

Community,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 70/157/EEC of 6
February 1970 on

the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to the

permissible sound level and the exhaust system of motor
vehicles (1),

as last amended by Directive 87/354/EEC (2), and in particular
Article

3 thereof,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 70/220/EEC of 20 March
1970 on

the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to

measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions
from motor

vehicles (3), as last amended by Directive 88/436/EEC
(4), and in

particular Article 5 thereof,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 72/245/EEC of 20 June
1972 on the

approximation of the laws of the Member States relating
to the

suppression of radio interference produced by spark-ignition
engines

fitted to motor vehicles (5), and in particular Article 4
thereof,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 72/306/EEC of 2 August
1972 on

the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to the

measures to be taken against the emission of pollutants
from diesel

engines for use in vehicles (6), and in particular
Article 4 thereof,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 80/1268/EEC of 16
December 1980

on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to the

fuel consumption of motor vehicles (7), and in particular
Article 3

thereof,

 

Having regard to Council Directive 80/1269/EEC of 16
December 1980

on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to the

engine power of motor vehicles (8), as last amended by
Directive

88/195/EEC (9), and in particular Article 3 thereof,

 

Whereas Council Directive 88/76/EEC (10) amending
Directive

70/220/EEC introduces requirements relating to the use of
unleaded

petrol; whereas the adaptation of existing engines to
this petrol

necessitates in many cases technical modifications which
are relevant

to the compliance with the abovementioned Directives;
whereas it

appears appropriate to facilitate the administrative
handling of the

resulting amendments of the type-approval of the vehicles
concerned in

the interests of rapidly increasing use of unleaded
petrol; whereas it

appears also necessary to render more precise the
specifications of

Directive 88/76/EEC preventing vehicles equipped with
emission control

devices which would be adversely affected by leaded
petrol, to be

refuelled with such petrol; whereas it appears equally
appropriate to

introduce the new reference fuel for diesel engines
specified in this

Directive into Directive 72/306/EEC relating to the smoke
emissions of

such engines; whereas it appears advisable to align on
this occasion

the technical

 

provisions of Directive 80/1269/EEC relating to engine
power to

those of the corresponding Regulation of the Economic
Commission for

Europe;

 

Whereas it is desirable to introduce the amendments
contained in the

present Directive as soon as possible into the national
laws concerned

as they are particularly needed during the transitional
period where

vehicles conceived for the use of leaded petrol and
vehicles requiring

unleaded petrol will co-exist;

 

Whereas the provisions of this Directive are in
accordance with the

opinion of the Committee for the Adaptation to Technical
Progress of

the Directives on Motor Vehicles,

 

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

 

Article 1

 

The undermentioned Directives are hereby amended in
accordance with

the Annexes to this Directive:

 

- Directive 70/157/EEC is amended in accordance with
Annex I,

 

- Directive 70/220/EEC is amended in accordance with
Annex II,

 

- Directive 72/245/EEC is amended in accordance with
Annex III,

 

- Directive 72/306/EEC is amended in accordance with
Annex IV,

 

- Directive 80/1268/EEC is amended in accordance with
Annex V,

 

- Directive 80/1269/EEC is amended in accordance with
Annex VI.

 

Article 2

 

Member States shall bring into force the laws,
regulations and

administrative provisions necessary to comply with this
Directive not

later than 1 January 1990. They shall forthwith inform
the Commission

thereof.

 

Article 3

 

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

 

Done at Brussels, 17
July 1989.

For the Commission

Martin BANGEMANN

Vice-President

 

(1) OJ No L 42, 23. 2. 1970, p. 16.

(2) OJ No L 192, 11. 7. 1987, p. 43.

(3) OJ No L 76, 6. 4. 1970, p. 1.

(4) OJ No L 214, 6. 8. 1988, p. 1.

(5) OJ No L 152, 6. 7. 1972, p. 15.

(6) OJ No L 190, 20. 8. 1972, p. 1.

(7) OJ No L 375, 31. 12. 1980, p. 36.

(8) OJ No L 375, 31. 12. 1980, p. 46.

(9) OJ No L 92, 9. 4. 1988, p. 50.

(10) OJ No L 36, 9. 2. 1988, p. 1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEX I

 

AMENDMENTS TO ANNEX I TO DIRECTIVE 70/157/EEC

 

6 is added as follows:

 

1.2'6. EXTENSION
OF EEC TYPE APPROVAL 6.1. Vehicle types

modified to run on unleaded petrol 6.1.1.
Approval of a vehicle

type modified and/or adjusted solely for the purpose of
making it

capable of running on unleaded petrol, as specified in
Directive

85/210/EEC, shall be extended when the manufacturer
certifies, subject

to the approval of the authority granting type approval,
that the

sound level for the modified vehicle shall not exceed the
limiting

values specified in 5.2.2.1. 6.2. Vehicle types
modified for any

other purpose
6.2.1. Approval of a vehicle
type may be extended to

vehicle types differing with regard to the
characteristics listed in

Annex III if the authority granting type approval
considers that the

modifications made are not likely to have any substantial
adverse

effect on the sound level of the vehicle.'

 

ANNEX II

 

AMENDMENTS TO ANNEX I TO DIRECTIVE 70/220/EEC

 

1. The following text is inserted at the beginning of
2.2.:

 

1.2'2.2.
"Reference mass" means the mass of the vehicle in running

order less the uniform mass of the driver of 75 kg and
increased by a

uniform mass of 100 kg.'

 

2. 3.2.4. is replaced by the following:

 

1.2'3.2.4. in
the case of vehicles equipped with positive ignition

engines, a statement of whether either 5.1.2.1
(restricted orifice) or

5.1.2.2 (marking) applies, and in the latter case, a
description of

the marking.'

 

3. 5.1.2.1 and 5.1.2.2 are added as follows:

 

1.2'5.1.2.1.
Subject to 5.1.2.2, the inlet orifice of the fuel

tank shall be so designed that it prevents the tank from
being filled

from a petrol pump delivery nozzle which has an external
diameter of

23,6 mm or greater.
5.1.2.2. 5.1.2.1 does not apply
to a vehicle in

respect of which both of the following conditions are
satisfied, that

is to say -
5.1.2.2.1. that the vehicle is
so designed and

constructed that no device designed to control the
emission of gaseous

pollutants shall be adversely affected by leaded petrol,
and

5.1.2.2.2. that
it is conspicuously, legibly and indelibly marked

with the symbol for unleaded petrol (4.26) specified in
ISO 2757-1985

(1) in a position immediately visible to a person filling
the fuel

tank. Additional marking shall be permitted.'

 

(1) Reproduced as figure 22 of Annex II to Directive
78/316/EEC.

 

ANNEX III

 

AMENDMENTS TO ANNEX I TO DIRECTIVE 72/245/EEC

 

8 is added as follows:

 

1.2'8. EXTENSION
OF EEC TYPE APPROVAL 8.1. Vehicle types

modified to run on unleaded petrol 8.1.1.
Approval of a vehicle

type modified and/or adjusted solely for the purpose of
making it

capable of running on unleaded petrol, as specified in
Directive

85/210/EEC, shall be extended when the manufacturer
certifies, subject

to the radio interference suppression for the modified
vehicles remain

within the limits for conformity of production, as
specified in 9 to

this Annex.
8.2. Vehicles types modified
for any other purpose

8.2.1. Approval
of a vehicle type may be extended to vehicle types

differing with regard to the characteristics listed in
2.2 to this

Annex if the authority granting type approval considers
that the

modification made are not likely to have any substantial
adverse

effect on the radio interference suppression of the
vehicle.'

 

ANNEX IV

 

AMENDMENTS TO ANNEX V TO DIRECTIVE 72/306/EEC

 


Annex V is replaced by the following:

 

'TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF REFERENCE FUEL PRESCRIBED
FOR APPROVAL

TESTS AND TO VERIFY CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

 

CEC reference fuel RF-03-A-84 (1) (3) (7)

 

1.2.3 Limits
and units ASTM method Cetan number (4)

min 49 max 53 D
613 Density 15 C (Kg/1) min 0,835 max 0,845 D

1298
Destillation (2) 50 % 90 % FBP
min 245 C min 320 C max 340

C max 370 C D
86 Flash point min 55 C
D 93 CFPP min -

max - 5 C EN
116 (CEN) Viscosity 40 C min 2,5 mm2/S max 3,5

mm2/S D 445 Sulphur content min (to be reported) D
1266/D 2622

D 2785 max 0,3
% mass Copper corrosion max 1
D 130

Conradson carbon residue (10 % DR) max 0,2 % mass D 189 Ash

content max 0,01
% mass D 482 Water content max 0,05
% mass

D 95/D 1744
Neutralization (strong acid) number
max 0,2 mg KPH/g

Oxidation stability (6)
max 2,5 mg/100 m D 2274 Additives (5)

Carbon-hydrogen
ratio (to be reported)

 

(1) Equivalent ISO methods will be adopted when issued
all

properties
listed above.

 

(2) The figures quoted show the evaporated quantities
(percentage

recovered +
percentage loss).

 

(3) The values quoted in the specification are'true
values'. In

estabishment
of their limit values the terms of ASTM D 3244'Defining a

basis for
petroleum product quality disputes' have been applied and in

fixing a
maximum value, a minimum difference of 2R above zero has been

taken into
account; in fixing a maximum and minimum value, the minimum

difference is
4R (R = reproducibility).

 

Notwithstanding this measure, which is necessary for
statistical

reasons, the manufacturer of fuel should nevertheless aim
at a zero

value where the stipulated maximum value is 2R and at the
mean value

in the case of quotations of maximum and minimum limits.
Should it be

necessary to clarify the question as to whether a fuel
meets the

requirements of the specification, the terms of ASTM D
3244 be

applied.

 

(4) The range for cetane is note in accordance with the
requirement

of a minimum
range of 4R. However, in cases of dispute between fuel

supplier and
fuel user, the terms of ASTM D 3244 can be used to

resolve such
disputes provided replicate measurements, of sufficient

number to
achieve the necessary precision, are made in preference to

single
determinations.

 

(5) This fuel should be based on straight run and cracked

hydrocarbon
distillate components only; desulphurization is allowed.

It must not
contain any metallic additives or cetane improver

additives.

 

(6) Even though oxidation stability is controlled, it is
likely that

shell life
will be limited. Advice should be sought from the supplier

as to storage
conditions and life. (7) If it is required to calculate

thermal
efficiency of an engine or vehicle, the calorific value of the

fuel can be
calculated from:

 

Specific energy (calorific value) (net) MJ/kg =

 

(46,423 - 8,792d2

.1 .2