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AND COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 94/34/EC
of 30 June 1994
89/107/EEC on the approximation of the laws of
concerning food additives authorized for use in
for human consumption
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,
regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and
particular Article 100a thereof,
regard to the proposal from the Commission (1),
regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee
in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 189b of the Treaty (3),
rules for harmonization in the field of additives should not affect the
application of provisions of Member States existing on 1 January 1992, which
prohibit the use of certain additives in certain specific foodstuffs which are
considered as traditional and are produced on their territory, provided that those
provisions do not cover a whole series of foodstuffs including foodstuffs which
do not come under this Directive but regarding which Community provisions
provide for authorization of additives;
these products could be distinguished by an appropriate labelling;
the free circulation of foodstuffs conforming with directives concerning
additives should not be affected;
the freedom of establishment, the production and sale on the territory of each
Member State of foodstuffs conforming with Directives concerning additives
should not be affected,
ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:
following Article 3a shall be inserted in Directive 89/107/EEC (4):
way of derogation from Article 3 (2) (a) and (b), the Council shall, acting on
a proposal from the Commission pursuant to the procedure laid down in Article
100a of the Treaty, authorize the Member States to maintain the prohibition on
the use of certain additives in the production of certain foodstuffs considered
as traditional provided that:
prohibition existed on 1 January 1992,
Member States concerned authorize on their territory the production and sale of
all foodstuffs not considered as traditional which conform to the rules
provided for in Article 3.
Without prejudice to Regulations (EEC) No 2081/92 (1) and (EEC) No 2082/92 (2),
before 1 July 1994, Member States shall communicate to the list of foodstuffs
which they consider as traditional, giving their reasons in detail, together
with the relevant legislative provisions prohibiting the use of certain
additives in such foodstuffs.
April 1995, the Commission shall submit a proposal to the Council on the
criteria to be applied for deciding whether or not a product is traditional and
on the national prohibitions which may be maintained in conformity with these
Council shall act on the proposal before 1 April 1996.
such time as the Council has ruled on paragraph 2, Member States may maintain
any prohibitions which have been communicated to the Commission pursuant to the
first subparagraph of paragraph 2, provided that they comply with the general
conditions laid down in paragraph 1.
Council Regulation (EEC) No 2081/92 of 14 July 1992 on the protection of
geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products
and foodstuffs (OJ No L 208, 24. 7. 1992, p. 1).
Council Regulation (EEC) No 2082/92 of 14 July 1992 on certificates of specific
character for agricultural products and foodstuffs (OJ No L 208, 24. 7. 1992,
States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative
provisions necessary to comply with this Directive.
shall inform the Commission thereof.
Member States adopt these measures, they shall contain a reference to this
Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference when they are officially
published. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by the
Directive shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official
Journal of the European Communities.
Directive is addressed to the Member States.
Done at Brussels, 30 June 1994.
For the European Parliament
For the Council
No C 206, 13. 8. 1992, p. 1.
No C 73, 15. 3. 1993, p. 4.
Opinion of the European Parliament of 26 May 1993 (OJ No C 176, 28. 6. 1993, p.
117), confirmed on 2 December 1993 (OJ No C 342, 20. 12. 1993), Council common
position of 9 March 1994 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and
Decision of the European Parliament of 9 March 1994 (OJ No C 91, 28. 3. 1994, p.
No L 40, 11. 2. 1989, p. 27.